Dr. Umma Sanjit, General Dentist

– Strong teeth and helps to prevent cavities. It’s been an essential oral health treatment for decades. It reduces cavities in children and adults and also helps to repair the early stages of tooth decay, even before the decay is visible. Fluoride supports healthy tooth enamel and fights the bacteria that harm teeth and gums. Tooth enamel is the outer protective layer of each tooth.
Fluoride therapy is especially helpful if you’re at high risk of developing dental caries, or cavities. Cavities occur when bacteria build up on teeth and gums and form a sticky layer of plaque. Plaque produces an acid that erodes teeth and gum tissue. If the plaque breaks down the enamel layer, bacteria can infect and harm the nerves and blood at the core of the tooth.

How does fluoride strengthen your teeth?

When it reaches your teeth, fluoride is absorbed into the enamel. It helps to repair the enamel by replenishing the lost calcium and phosphorous to keep your teeth hard. This process is called re-mineralization.
When fluoride is present during re- mineralization, the minerals deposited into the tooth enamel help strengthen your teeth and prevent dissolution during the next demineralization phase. Thus, fluoride helps stop the decay process and prevent tooth decay.

How Much Fluoride Do You Need?

The American Dental Association
(ADA) recommends a professional fluoride treatment at your dentist’s office every 3, 6, or 12 months, depending on your oral health. If you’re at high risk for cavities, your dentist may also prescribe a special fluoride rinse or gel to use regularly at
home.
The following can increase your risk of cavities:

  • Excessive Drug or Alcohol Use
  • Eating Disorder
  • Poor Oral Hygiene
  • Lack of Professional Dental Care
  • Poor Diet
  • Dry Mouth or Decreased Saliva
  • Weak Enamel

Common sources of dietary fluoride include:

  • Tea
  • Water
  • Food Cooked In Water
  • Fish Eaten With Their Bones & Infant Formula
  • Optimal fluoride intake comes from food, water, and supplements.

Dr. Umma Sanjit (DDS) General Practitioner Dentist