Dr. Winsa Moideen
Dr. Winsa Moideen
2008-2014 – BDS from Educare Institute Of Dental Sciences, Kerala, India
2015- 2018: Rahath Multispecialty Dental clinic -Kerala, India
2013- 2014: Educare Institute Of Dental Sciences- Kerala, India
- Aesthetic and Restorative Dentistry
- Endodontic Treatments
- Veneers and Tooth Whitening
- Crown and bridge works
- Prophylactic Dentistry
- Paediatric Dentistry
- Inlays and Onlays
- Patient education and motivation
WOMEN’S HORMONES AND ORAL HEALTH
Women may be more susceptible to health problems because of the unique hormonal changes they experience. Hormones affect not only the blood supply to the gum tissue but also the body’s response to the toxins (poisons) that result from plaque buildup. As a result of these changes, women are more prone to the development of periodontal disease at certain stages of their lives, as well as to other oral health problems.
When Are Women More at Risk for Oral Health Problems?
Raging hormones can leave a teenage girl’s gums red, swollen and bleeding. (In some cases, the gums’ overreaction to plaque may cause gums to actually grow bigger.) Some teenage girls may also find themselves developing canker sores, which usually heal on their own.
The best treatment is Prevention. “Brush twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste, floss once a day and see your dentist regularly,” . Removing plaque and bacteria thoroughly every day can reduce the inflammation, discomfort and bleeding.
You may not notice any change in your mouth in the days before your period. (If fact, most women don’t). But if you have swollen gums, bleeding gums, canker sores or swollen salivary glands, hormones may be to blame. These symptoms should subside after your period stops — but if they don’t, then the increased bleeding by your gums is signaling something else. Talk to your dentist if you have questions about how your monthly cycle and apparent health of your gums are related.
Stay on top of your daily dental health routine, and if you find you have more sensitivity than usual before or during your period, schedule cleanings for about a week after it ends.
Using Birth Control Pills
Inflammation may have been a side effect for women taking birth control in the past, but today there’s good news for your gums. The levels of estrogen and progesterone in today’s birth control prescriptions are too low to cause any issues with your gums, according to a February 2013 review in the journal Periodontology 2000.
Still, it’s important make sure your health history forms at the dentist are up to date if you are taking birth control. Here’s why:
- Your dentist may need to write you a prescription, and some medications can make your birth control less effective.
- If you’re having a tooth removed, you may be more at risk for a painful complication called dry socket. According to the June 2016 Journal of the American Dental Association, women who use oral contraceptives are nearly twice as likely to experience dry socket compared to those who do not. Of 100 women who took birth control, 13.9 experienced dry socket. Only 7.54 of 100 women who did not take birth control had this complication.
During pregnancy, your body is in hormonal hyper drive. Some women find they have developed pregnancy gingivitis — a mild form of gum disease that causes gums to be red, tender and sore. It is most common between the second and eighth months of pregnancy, and you can help keep it under control through good oral hygiene.
Visiting your dentist during pregnancy is incredibly important — and absolutely safe. In fact, your dentist may recommend more frequent cleanings during your second trimester and early third trimester to help control gingivitis. If you notice any other changes in your mouth during pregnancy, see your dentist.
Menopause is a huge change in a woman’s life and a woman’s mouth, including altered taste, burning sensations in your mouth and increased sensitivity which all related to hormones.
Still, there are two critical changes to be aware of: dry mouth and bone loss. Saliva cleanses the teeth and rinses cavity-causing bacteria off your teeth. When you have dry mouth, your saliva flow decreases and you’re more at risk for cavities.
Talk to your dentist if your mouth is feeling dry. If dry mouth is a problem, suck on ice chips or sugar-free candy, drink water or other caffeine-free drinks and use an over-the-counter dry mouth spray or rinse to help reduce the dryness. Your dentist may also recommend prescription strength fluoride toothpaste that helps reduce the risk of tooth decay. What you eat can also make a difference when it comes to dry mouth. Avoid salty, spicy, sticky and sugary foods, as well as and dry foods that are hard to chew. Alcohol, tobacco and caffeine can also make dry mouth worse. At night, sleeping with a humidifier on in your room can also make a difference.
Losing bone in your jaw can lead to tooth loss. The decreased estrogen that occurs with menopause also puts you at risk for a loss of bone density. Signs of bone loss in your jaw can be something as simple as receding gums. When your gums recede, more of your tooth is exposed and that puts more of your tooth at risk for decay. And if your mouth is dry, that’s a double whammy.”
To help reduce your risk of bone loss, work with your dentist or physician to make sure you’re getting the right amount of calcium and vitamin D, don’t smoke and avoid excessive alcohol consumption.
Tips to Prevent Oral Health Problems
Some tips for preventing oral health problems like gum disease and tooth decay include:
- Brush your teeth at least twice a day with a fluoride-containing toothpaste. Floss and rinse with an antiseptic mouthwash at least once a day.
- Visit your dentist twice a year for a professional oral examination and cleaning.
- Eat a well balanced diet.
- Avoid sugary or starchy snacks.
- Ask your dentist if he or she thinks you should use an antimicrobial mouth rinse.
- If you have dry mouth, ask your dentist about treatments for this condition, such as artificial saliva. Biotene is one such product and is available over the counter
- Journal of clinical periodontology 30 (8), 671-681, 2003
- Oral health & preventive dentistry 10 (1), 2012
- Periodontology 2000 6 (1), 79-87, 1994
- Periodontology 2000 32 (1), 59-81, 2003